Fleas are wingless biting insects which are common pests on domestic cats and dogs, as well as other animals. Fleas from dogs, cats, rats and mice to humans very rarely spread diseases such as plague, typhus, and tapeworms. They are however predominantly considered annoying to both people and pets.

Fleas are hatched from eggs which are laid in an animal’s fur by an adult flea. The eggs fall from the pet and land on surfaces like bedding, carpeting or the soil in the animal’s environment. The eggs hatch into a larva, which then changes into another form called a pupa, and eventually these turn into adults. The time for this process varies depending on a number of factors, and in cool temperatures can take up to a year. Fleas tend to be more common during the warmer seasons.

Only adult fleas bite humans. Flea bites commonly cause skin irritation with itching. Some people and pets suffer from flea bite allergy, with intense itching, hair loss, reddening of the skin, and sometimes infection.


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